Dance Forms of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh has a dazzling culture equipped with traditional customs and practices. The equivalent culture is reflected in dance forms as well.
Categories of dance form include Classical dance form, Folk dance form, and religious dance form. Kathak is one out of eight of the significant Indian Classical dance forms. The title “Kathak” is taken from the Sanskrit word “Katha” (meaning story). Kathak dancer uses their hand moves, footwork, and facial expression to narrate stories.
Kathak has three distinct schools known as Gharanas. They are Lucknow Gharana, Banaras Gharana, and Jaipur Gharana. Lucknow and Banaras Gharana focuses on facial and hand expression, whereas Jaipur Gharana focuses more on foot movements.
Some of the folk dance of Uttar Pradesh are Raslila, Khyal, Nautanki, Naqal, Svanga, etc.
Raslila is from the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh, based on the scenic views of Lord Krishna. The term ‘ras’ points to Krishna’s joyous and Lila means to play. It has fused elements of Indian classical music, play, and dance.
Khyal dance is also popular in Rajasthan. It is a form of dance that includes multiple themes and is portrayed especially by men. It also incorporates mime and chanting. The trained dancers of Khyal are known as Bhawni. Some great Khyal forms are Jaipuri Khyal, Abhinaya Khyal, Ali Baksh Khyal, etc.
Nautanki dance form is a blend of historical, mythological or traditional art. It combines dance, music, and lyrics with a storyline, making it a full entertainment unit. They are also based on patriotic or social themes as it has a great impression on the audience.
The term Naqal is obtained from the Persian word to imitate. Naqals are the experts that present this dance form. It sarcastically unveils the unpleasant darkness spread on our life. It is also prevalent in Kashmir and Punjab.
Religious and folk tales are portrayed by ten to twelve persons in a group either in public or an open-air theatre circled by the people. Dialogues control the performance accompanied by song.
Ramlila is a well known religious dance form of Uttar Pradesh.
The Story of Rama is represented as a stage performance which has a great religious significance for the Indian heritage. It is a part of the festival of Dusherra.
Image source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saang